California Gov. Gavin Newsom Signs Executive Order to Regulate and Prepare for AI’s Impact, US

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California Gov. Gavin Newsom Takes Steps to Regulate and Prepare for the Impact of AI

California Governor Gavin Newsom has signed an Executive Order aimed at regulating and preparing the state for the impact of generative artificial intelligence (AI). The order recognizes California as a global leader in AI innovation and seeks to foster that innovation while ensuring the responsible deployment of AI tools in state government.

The Order outlines a path and timeline for the use of AI, requiring various state agencies and departments to take specific actions. Key provisions of the Order include:

Reports on AI Uses and Risks
– State agencies must submit a report within two months identifying the most beneficial potential uses of AI by the state. The report should also address potential risks, including those stemming from bad actors and insufficiently guarded governmental systems.
– A joint risk analysis of potential threats to the state’s critical energy infrastructure must be conducted, with a strategy developed to address similar threats to other critical infrastructure.

State Procurement of AI Tools
– Agencies and departments must submit an inventory of their current high-risk uses of AI and appoint a senior manager responsible for updating that inventory.
– Guidelines for state government procurement of AI tools must be issued by January 2024. These guidelines should address safety, algorithmic discrimination, data privacy, and notice to consumers.

State Use of AI Tools
– The California Department of Technology must make programs available for pilot testing of AI tools by March 2024. These programs will measure the safety, efficacy, and potential improvements that AI can bring to government services.
– Guidelines must be developed for analyzing the impact of AI tools on vulnerable communities and the state government workforce by July 2024.
– Trainings for government employees on using state-approved AI tools must also be developed, ensuring equitable outcomes and privacy enforcement.

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The Order emphasizes the need for collaboration between state agencies, the legislature, and relevant stakeholders. It also mandates partnerships with AI departments at Stanford University and U.C. Berkeley to host a joint summit in 2024, fostering discussions on the impacts of AI on California and its workforce.

The Order comes shortly after the California Legislature’s adoption of a resolution that expresses the state’s commitment to AI regulation and exploration. In addition, the Senate Judiciary Committee’s subcommittee for privacy, technology, and law has announced a forthcoming framework to regulate AI, which will include licensing and auditing requirements, an independent federal oversight office, liability provisions, and data transparency and safety standards.

Governor Newsom’s Executive Order reflects California’s proactive approach to AI regulation and preparation. By implementing measured guardrails, the state aims to both harness the potential benefits of AI innovation and protect against potential risks. With the involvement of various stakeholders and partnerships with leading academic institutions, California is taking significant steps towards responsible AI deployment while paving the way for future regulations and standards in the field.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) Related to the Above News

What is the purpose of California Governor Gavin Newsom's Executive Order regarding AI?

The purpose of the Executive Order is to regulate and prepare the state of California for the impact of generative artificial intelligence (AI) while fostering innovation and ensuring responsible deployment of AI tools in state government.

What actions are required by the Order?

The Order requires state agencies and departments to take specific actions such as submitting reports on AI uses and risks, conducting risk analysis of potential threats to critical infrastructure, issuing guidelines for AI procurement, making AI tools available for pilot testing, developing guidelines for analyzing the impact of AI on vulnerable communities and the government workforce, and providing trainings for government employees on using state-approved AI tools.

When do state agencies need to submit their reports on AI uses and risks?

State agencies must submit their reports within two months of the Order being signed by Governor Newsom.

What should the reports on AI uses and risks address?

The reports should identify the most beneficial potential uses of AI by the state and address potential risks, including those related to bad actors and insufficiently guarded governmental systems.

When should guidelines for state government procurement of AI tools be issued?

Guidelines for state government procurement of AI tools must be issued by January 2024.

When will programs for pilot testing of AI tools be made available by the California Department of Technology?

The California Department of Technology must make programs for pilot testing of AI tools available by March 2024.

What should the guidelines for analyzing the impact of AI tools address?

The guidelines should focus on analyzing the impact of AI tools on vulnerable communities and the state government workforce.

When must the guidelines for analyzing the impact of AI tools be developed?

The guidelines for analyzing the impact of AI tools must be developed by July 2024.

What partnerships are mandated by the Order?

The Order mandates partnerships with AI departments at Stanford University and U.C. Berkeley to host a joint summit in 2024, fostering discussions on the impacts of AI on California and its workforce.

What other AI-related initiatives have been undertaken by California?

The California Legislature recently adopted a resolution expressing the state's commitment to AI regulation and exploration. Additionally, the Senate Judiciary Committee's subcommittee for privacy, technology, and law has announced a forthcoming framework to regulate AI, encompassing licensing and auditing requirements, an independent federal oversight office, liability provisions, and data transparency and safety standards.

What is the overall goal of Governor Newsom's Executive Order?

The overall goal of the Executive Order is to proactively regulate AI in California, harnessing its benefits while protecting against potential risks. It aims to ensure responsible AI deployment, involve various stakeholders, and establish partnerships with leading academic institutions to shape future regulations and standards in the field.

Please note that the FAQs provided on this page are based on the news article published. While we strive to provide accurate and up-to-date information, it is always recommended to consult relevant authorities or professionals before making any decisions or taking action based on the FAQs or the news article.

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