Safety Guidelines Released for Maritime Transportation of Electric Vehicles, Ensuring Fire Prevention and Mitigation, Japan

Date:

Safety Guidelines Released for Maritime Transportation of Electric Vehicles, Ensuring Fire Prevention and Mitigation

ClassNK, in collaboration with the International Union of Marine Insurance (IUMI), has recently issued a set of guidelines aimed at enhancing the safety of maritime transportation for electric vehicles (EVs). These guidelines provide valuable insights into the prevention and mitigation of fires in EVs during maritime journeys.

The Guidelines for the Safe Transport of Electric Vehicles and List of Fire Safety Measures for the Maritime Transportation of Electric Vehicles, published by ClassNK, shed light on the characteristics of EV fires and offer guidance on how to effectively respond to such incidents. These guidelines were developed through extensive discussions with industry experts, operators, manufacturers, and other stakeholders, as well as a comprehensive literature review.

Moreover, the guidelines outline specific requirements for class notations for vessels equipped with additional firefighting measures designed for the transportation of EVs. This ensures that vessels are properly equipped to handle any potential fire-related situations.

Additionally, the List of Fire Safety Measures for the Maritime Transportation of Electric Vehicles highlights around 40 measures aimed at early detection, suppression, prevention of fire spread, and extinguishing. This comprehensive list includes valuable information on the development of new fire safety measures and related technologies, covering their effectiveness, benefits, as well as potential issues that need to be considered.

On another front, the IUMI has released its own set of recommendations and best practices for the safe carriage of electric vehicles. Supported by scientific research, these guidelines demonstrate that fires in EVs are not inherently more dangerous or more frequent than fires in conventional vehicles. In fact, current statistics suggest that EVs have fewer fire incidents compared to their conventional counterparts when driven over the same distance.

See also  ChatGPT 4 Struggles with Accuracy and Speed, Stanford Study Reveals

According to the IUMI statement, research indicates that the total energy released during an EV fire is only marginally different from that of an internal combustion engine vehicle (ICEV) fire. It is worth noting that once established, vehicle fires are primarily fueled by the car body and interior parts rather than the propulsion system itself. However, EVs present an additional risk of thermal runaway, an unstable chemical reaction in the battery that can make fires challenging to extinguish. Therefore, rapid implementation of mitigation measures such as boundary cooling is crucial, and the risk of re-ignition remains higher for an extended period.

The IUMI paper also makes important distinctions between different types of vessels. Ro-ro vessels, for example, often stow cars on open decks, which can complicate firefighting efforts due to increased air flow. Additionally, ro-pax vessels face challenges such as passengers wanting to charge their EVs onboard and the potential inclusion of older and potentially less safe vehicles. Pure car and truck carriers (PCTCs), on the other hand, face issues related to tight packing of vehicles, which can accelerate the spread of fires.

Early detection and verification of fires are crucial for minimizing response times. The paper recommends the use of conventional fire detection systems, complemented by options such as thermal imaging cameras and AI-powered systems. Drencher systems and video monitoring should be installed on ro-ro and ro-pax vessels, as they have proven effective for firefighting purposes. Carbon dioxide extinguishing systems are successful in combating PCTC fires and should be equipped with doubled capacity, while high-expansion foam fire extinguishing systems have proven effective in preventing heat transfer between vehicles.

See also  Escalating Feud Between Tech Moguls Musk and Altman Sparks AI Clash

Lars Lange, Secretary General of the IUMI, expressed the importance of adapting safety requirements to accommodate the growing number of alternative fuel vehicles carried on board vessels. He emphasized that the IUMI will continue to contribute to the ongoing debate on improving safety measures.

In conclusion, the newly released safety guidelines and recommendations from ClassNK and the IUMI provide valuable guidance and measures to enhance the safety of maritime transportation of electric vehicles. By implementing these guidelines and adopting the recommended safety measures, the maritime industry can ensure the safe transport of EVs and effectively prevent and mitigate fire-related incidents.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) Related to the Above News

What are the newly released safety guidelines for maritime transportation of electric vehicles?

The newly released safety guidelines are a collaborative effort between ClassNK and the International Union of Marine Insurance (IUMI). They provide insights and measures for preventing and mitigating fires in electric vehicles (EVs) during maritime journeys.

Who developed these guidelines?

These guidelines were developed by ClassNK in collaboration with the IUMI. Extensive discussions with industry experts, operators, manufacturers, and other stakeholders, as well as a comprehensive literature review, contributed to their creation.

What do the guidelines cover?

The guidelines shed light on the characteristics of EV fires and offer guidance on how to effectively respond to such incidents. They outline specific requirements for vessels equipped with additional firefighting measures designed for the transportation of EVs.

What are the specific requirements for vessels mentioned in the guidelines?

The guidelines outline specific requirements for class notations, ensuring vessels are properly equipped to handle potential fire-related situations during the transportation of EVs.

What does the List of Fire Safety Measures for the Maritime Transportation of Electric Vehicles include?

The list includes around 40 measures aimed at early detection, suppression, prevention of fire spread, and extinguishing. It provides information on the development of new fire safety measures and related technologies, including their effectiveness, benefits, and potential considerations.

Are fires in EVs more dangerous than conventional vehicles?

Fires in EVs are not inherently more dangerous or more frequent than fires in conventional vehicles, according to scientific research supported by the IUMI. Current statistics suggest that EVs have fewer fire incidents compared to conventional vehicles when driven over the same distance.

What is the additional risk related to EV fires?

EVs present an additional risk of thermal runaway, an unstable chemical reaction in the battery, which can make fires challenging to extinguish. Rapid implementation of mitigation measures such as boundary cooling is crucial, and the risk of re-ignition remains higher for an extended period.

What challenges do different types of vessels face in dealing with EV fires?

Ro-ro vessels face challenges due to cars being stowed on open decks, which can complicate firefighting efforts. Ro-pax vessels face challenges such as passenger EV charging and potentially less safe older vehicles. Pure car and truck carriers (PCTCs) face issues related to tight packing of vehicles, which can accelerate fire spread.

What are some recommended measures for early detection and firefighting?

The guidelines recommend the use of conventional fire detection systems, thermal imaging cameras, and AI-powered systems for early detection. Drencher systems and video monitoring should be installed on specific vessels, while carbon dioxide extinguishing systems and high-expansion foam fire extinguishing systems have proven effective in combating fires on other types of vessels.

Why is it important to adapt safety requirements for alternative fuel vehicles?

Safety requirements need to be adapted because of the growing number of alternative fuel vehicles carried on board vessels. Adapting safety measures ensures the safe transport of EVs and contributes to ongoing efforts to prevent and mitigate fire-related incidents.

How will the IUMI continue to contribute to improving safety measures?

Lars Lange, Secretary General of the IUMI, emphasized the organization's commitment to contributing to the ongoing debate on improving safety measures. They will continue to advocate for safety requirements that accommodate the needs of transporting alternative fuel vehicles on board vessels.

Please note that the FAQs provided on this page are based on the news article published. While we strive to provide accurate and up-to-date information, it is always recommended to consult relevant authorities or professionals before making any decisions or taking action based on the FAQs or the news article.

Share post:

Subscribe

Popular

More like this
Related

Samsung’s Foldable Phones: The Future of Smartphone Screens

Discover how Samsung's Galaxy Z Fold 6 is leading the way with innovative software & dual-screen design for the future of smartphones.

Unlocking Franchise Success: Leveraging Cognitive Biases in Sales

Unlock franchise success by leveraging cognitive biases in sales. Use psychology to craft compelling narratives and drive successful deals.

Wiz Walks Away from $23B Google Deal, Pursues IPO Instead

Wiz Walks away from $23B Google Deal in favor of pursuing IPO. Investors gear up for trading with updates on market performance and key developments.

Southern Punjab Secretariat Leads Pakistan in AI Adoption, Prominent Figures Attend Demo

Experience how South Punjab Secretariat leads Pakistan in AI adoption with a demo attended by prominent figures. Learn about their groundbreaking initiative.