Generative AI Augments Jobs, Impact Heavier on High-Income Countries and Females
Generative Artificial Intelligence (AI) is expected to have a positive impact on employment by automating certain tasks rather than completely replacing human workers, according to a recent study by the International Labour Organization (ILO). The study also highlights that high-income countries and females may experience a greater influence on job quantity and quality due to these advancements.
In its report titled Generative AI and Jobs: A global analysis of potential effects on job quantity and quality, the ILO emphasizes that most jobs and industries will only be partially exposed to automation. The latest wave of Generative AI, such as chatGPT, is likely to complement, rather than substitute, human roles.
While concerns about job destruction have often been raised in relation to AI, the ILO suggests that the true impact lies in the potential changes to job quality, particularly in terms of work intensity and autonomy. With Generative AI capable of automating certain tasks, workers may have the opportunity to focus on more complex and creative aspects of their jobs, enhancing their roles rather than rendering them obsolete.
The study also highlights the importance of understanding the regional and gender-specific implications of Generative AI on employment. It suggests that high-income countries, with their greater integration of technology, are likely to experience a more significant impact. Similarly, females may be more affected due to their higher representation in certain sectors, which are more susceptible to automation.
By shedding light on these findings, the ILO aims to inform policymakers, businesses, and workers about the potential effects of Generative AI. Recognizing the transformative nature of this technology, it is crucial to manage its implementation effectively. This includes promoting digital literacy and providing reskilling opportunities to ensure that both high-income countries and females can adapt to the changing demands of the labor market.
Overall, the ILO study offers a balanced perspective on the role of Generative AI in the workforce. It emphasizes that rather than destroying jobs, this technology has the potential to augment them, leading to changes in the nature of work. By understanding and addressing the specific factors that contribute to the impact on high-income countries and females, we can strive for a future where AI benefits all members of society.