Digital lending has revolutionized the financial industry, and its impact is projected to reach a market capitalization of $350 billion by 2023. This booming sector in India, which was valued at $270 billion in 2022, experiences steady growth with a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 39.5%. The success of digital lending can be attributed to its seamless banking practices powered by robust platforms.
Traditional lending methods often involved extensive paperwork and formalities, but digital lending relies heavily on data-driven technologies such as artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML). This shift has transformed the industry, offering various forms of digital lending, including peer-to-peer (P2P), small to medium enterprise lending, and buy now pay later (BNPL) options. Each form has contributed to expanding the accessibility of credit.
The embrace of digital lending by Indian society stems from its numerous benefits for consumers and lenders alike. From a consumer perspective, there are three primary advantages:
1. Expanded Access: Unlike traditional banks and lending agencies limited by geographical constraints, digital lending platforms have decentralized the lending process. Individuals from all regions and postal codes can now access loans effortlessly.
2. Faster Disbursement of Loans: Speed is a significant advantage of digital lending for consumers. Traditional lending often involved time-consuming procedures and high turnaround times. With digital lending, loans are disbursed swiftly, saving consumers valuable time.
3. Pricing Factors: As digital lending gains popularity among capital providers, loan interest rates are expected to decrease. Enhanced competition driven by AI and ML technologies has transformed the competitive landscape, resulting in more affordable and manageable loan options for customers.
Digital lenders are also embracing alternative data sources to assess the creditworthiness of customers. This approach provides deeper insights into the financial situations of potential borrowers, consequently improving the underwriting process. Additionally, the Indian government and regulators, such as the Reserve Bank of India (RBI), have strongly supported digital lending. They have implemented regulations and infrastructure measures, including the adoption of Unified Payments Interface (UPI) and linking Aadhar, to ensure the safety and protection of consumers and lenders. The RBI has further validated digital lending fintech business models through guidelines and default loss guarantees.
Moreover, the ability to cross-sell loans provides digital lenders with additional monetization opportunities. Recent regulatory changes have facilitated the offering of loans by various digital businesses to their customers.
In conclusion, the future of borrowing is set to expand significantly in the coming years. With the younger generation embracing modern credit schemes and convenient payment options, digital lenders have the potential to grow the market to over $500 billion in the future. The seamless and efficient nature of digital lending, combined with the support of regulatory bodies, positions it as a game-changer in the financial industry. As the sector continues to evolve and leverage advancements in technology, both consumers and lenders stand to benefit from this digital lending revolution.