US and Vietnam Strengthen Ties to Counter China’s Influence

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US President Joe Biden has visited Vietnam to strengthen ties as both countries aim to counter China’s growing influence. As part of his visit, Biden and the leader of Vietnam’s ruling Communist Party, Nguyen Phu Trong, signed a comprehensive strategic partnership to deepen relations and cooperation on strategic supplies. The goal of the visit is to bolster support against China’s increasing diplomatic influence and secure supplies of strategically important resources from friendly countries. This move puts the United States on the same level as China in Vietnam’s hierarchy of diplomatic relations.

During the visit, Biden highlighted the importance of the partnership, stating that Vietnam and the United States are critical partners during a crucial time. The deal focuses on deepening cooperation in critical emerging technologies, particularly in building a more resilient semiconductor supply chain. Additionally, talks covered the supplies of rare earth minerals, which are essential for the production of high-tech devices like smartphones and electric car batteries. Vietnam, with the world’s second-largest deposits of rare earths after China, plays a crucial role in diversifying sources away from China after recent supply chain disruptions.

While Vietnam is careful not to take sides between the United States and China, there are mounting concerns about China’s assertiveness in the South China Sea, which Vietnam shares with its neighbor. However, just before Biden’s visit, The New York Times reported that Vietnam was secretly arranging to buy arms from Russia in violation of US sanctions. Vietnam has a long-standing military relationship with Russia, but there has been a growing discomfort within Vietnam regarding this relationship. The new comprehensive strategic partnership with the United States is likely to help Hanoi diversify its partnerships by allowing it to source from the US and its allies.

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Biden’s visit to Vietnam also included a visit to a memorial for his friend John McCain, the former US senator who was shot down and held captive during the Vietnam War. McCain played a significant role in rebuilding ties between the two countries in later years.

While forging closer ties with Vietnam, Biden also emphasized the importance of human rights. Vietnam has a concerning human rights record, with government critics facing intimidation, harassment, and imprisonment after unfair trials. Although Biden has frequently criticized China’s human rights record, he has largely stayed quiet on Vietnam’s situation. Campaigners are concerned that he may not press the subject during his visit.

Overall, Biden’s visit to Vietnam aims to strengthen ties and deepen cooperation between the two countries. Both sides recognize the need to counter China’s growing influence and ensure the stability of critical supply chains. The comprehensive strategic partnership signifies a significant step forward in the relations between Vietnam and the United States, as they work together to address shared challenges and mutual interests.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) Related to the Above News

Why did US President Joe Biden visit Vietnam?

President Biden visited Vietnam to strengthen ties and deepen cooperation between the two countries, particularly in response to China's growing influence.

What did Biden and the leader of Vietnam's ruling Communist Party sign?

They signed a comprehensive strategic partnership to deepen relations and cooperation, focusing on strategic supplies such as critical emerging technologies and rare earth minerals.

Why is Vietnam interested in strengthening ties with the United States?

Vietnam is concerned about China's assertiveness in the South China Sea, which it shares with its neighbor. By diversifying partnerships, Vietnam aims to secure supplies of strategically important resources and reduce dependence on China.

Did Vietnam violate US sanctions by secretly arranging to buy arms from Russia?

The New York Times reported that Vietnam was secretly arranging to buy arms from Russia, which would violate US sanctions. This move indicates a growing discomfort within Vietnam regarding its long-standing military relationship with Russia.

How does the comprehensive strategic partnership benefit Vietnam?

The partnership allows Vietnam to diversify its partnerships by sourcing from the United States and its allies. This helps Vietnam reduce reliance on any one country and ensures stability in critical supply chains.

Why did Biden visit a memorial for John McCain during his visit to Vietnam?

John McCain played a significant role in rebuilding ties between the United States and Vietnam. He was a former US senator who was shot down and held captive during the Vietnam War, making his memorial visit a tribute to their friendship and his contributions.

Did President Biden address concerns about human rights during his visit?

While Biden emphasized the importance of human rights, concerns have been raised about his silence on Vietnam's human rights situation. Government critics face intimidation, harassment, and imprisonment after unfair trials, and campaigners are worried that Biden may not press the subject during his visit.

What are the main goals of Biden's visit to Vietnam?

The main goals of Biden's visit to Vietnam are to strengthen ties, deepen cooperation, counter China's growing influence, and ensure the stability of critical supply chains. The comprehensive strategic partnership between Vietnam and the United States signifies a significant step forward in their relations.

Please note that the FAQs provided on this page are based on the news article published. While we strive to provide accurate and up-to-date information, it is always recommended to consult relevant authorities or professionals before making any decisions or taking action based on the FAQs or the news article.

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